One of the most important things that a parent can do for their child is to make sure that they have all their routine childhood vaccinations. It's the most effective way of keeping them protected against infectious diseases.
Ideally, kids should have their jabs at the right age to protect them as early as possible and minimise the risk of infection. Please use the list below as an outline to assist you.
Here's a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideally have them.
- Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib, a bacterial infection that can cause severe pneumonia or meningitis in young children) and hepatitis B given as a 6-in-1 single jab.
- Pneumococcal (13 serotypes)
- Meningococcal group B (MenB)
- Rotavirus gastroenteritis (Rotavirus)
- 6-in-1, second dose
- Rotavirus second dose
- 6-in-1, third dose
- Pneumococcal infection, second dose
- Men B, second dose
Between 12 and 13 months:
- Hib, fourth dose (Hib/MenC given as a single jab)
- Pneumococcal infection, third dose
- MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), given as a single jab
- Men B
3 years and 4 months, or soon after:
- MMR second dose
- Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio (DtaP/IPV), given as a 4-in-1 pre-school booster
Around 12-13 years:
- Cervical cancer (HPV) vaccine, which protects against cervical cancer (girls only): two doses given 6 to 24 months apart.
Around 14 years:
- Diphtheria, tetanus and polio booster (Td/IPV), given as a single jab
- Meningococcal groups A, C, W and Y disease (Men ACWY)
Vaccines For Risk Groups
People who fall into certain risk groups may be offered extra vaccines. These include vaccinations against diseases such as hepatitis B, tuberculosis (TB), seasonal flu and chickenpox. See the NHS Choices pages on vaccines for adults to find out whether you should have one.